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Thrashley White - What We Knw

Leon F. (Bud) Hammond Jr.

July 2009

Thrashley White's ancestry has proven to be a challenge and a mystery. To date, no one to my knowledge has been able to document his ancestry. This paper tries to tie together

  1. a general history of the early colonies,
  2. an overview of the Great Wagon Road from Philadelphia to the South Carolina Up- Country, and
  3. how the Scotch-Irish emigrated into South Carolina

as tools to better understand the social and economic environment of the second half of 18th century South Carolina Upcountry. Perhaps this background added to US Census records, Cheraw/Chesterfield District Wills, Abstracts from the Court of Common Pleas, and Abstracts from Pre-Civil War Cheraw, SC Newspapers will help us better understand Thrashley White and gain some insight into his ancestors.

Credits:

Special appreciation goes to Sharon Freeeman Corey for her research documented in in her publication "The Descendants of Thrashley White and Eliza Ann Jones" available from the Chesterfield Archives and Genealogy Library, S.C.G.S. Chesterfield District Chapter. PO Box 167, Chesterfield, SC 29709, and located at 100 East Main Street, Chesterfield, SC 29709.

I also appreciate those who shared stories, photographs, and background including Anne Amos, Leon Faye Hammond Sr., Sarah Louise Hammond Gulledge, Emma Rae Hammond Eskridge, William Jackson (Jackie) Hammond Jr., and Frank E. White Jr. There are many other who provided foundational materials for which I am very thankful.

The following sources were used to better understand how settlers came into the South Carolina UpCountry in the mid 1700's.

  1. Edgar, Walter "South Carolina - A History" University of South Carolina Press, 1998
  2. Rouse, Park Jr., "The Great Wagon Road - How Scotch-Irish and Germanics settled the Uplands", Dietz Press, 2004
  3. MacLysaght, Edward "Irish Families, Their Names, Arms and Origins"
  4. Gregg, John M. "Early Pee Dee Settlers"
  5. Leyburn, James G. "The Scotch-Irish - A Social History" University of North Carolina Press, 1962, ISBN 0-8078-4259-1

Background:

The Name WHITE:

MacLysaght on page 303 of his book describes the "White" family's name in Ireland and is included below as information only. I am not implying this White family is related Thrashley White, but to show that the name "White" was a common name in Ireland.

"The name White is so numerous in Ireland and so many distinguished Irishman have borne it that this book must not be without some more than passing reference to it. They came chiefly from England, at intervals throughout the centuries and settled in every province in widely separated areas. I can only refer here to the most inportant of these. In Limerick the name occurrs very frequently in the list of mayors and sheriffs from soon after the Anglo-Norman invasion, the earliest being in 1213. A branch of this city family became landed proprietors in Co. Clare. Father James White, who compiled a History of Limeric in 1738 (now in the Royal Irish Academy), was of this family. The story of the Whites of Waterford is very similar, though the name does not appear in the list of mayors until 1414: in this case the landed family resided at Whyteshall, Co. Kilkenny, and near Clonmel; and John Davis White (1820-1893), who did much useful work, was a Co. Kilkenny man. Another landed family of note was that of Leixlip, which subsequently went to Loughbrickland, Co. Down."

The Great Wagon Road:

Parke Rouse, Jr in his book "The Great Wagon Road" states the road started in Philadelphia and extended through Lacaster PA, York PA, Gettysburg PA, Hagerstown MD, Watkins Ferry MD, Winchester VA, Harrisburg VA, Staunton VA, Lexington VA, Fincastle VA, Rocky Mount NC, Salem NC, Salisbury NC, and Charlotte NC where it divided. The eastern road went through present day Kershaw County to Camden SC. The western road went through Rock Hill SC, Chester SC, Newberry SC, and both ended in Augusta GA.

On page 29 Rouse says, "Close behind the wave of Germanic people which began to sweep over the Warriour' Path came the bold, adventurious Scotch-Irish. From the port of Belfast, in Northern Ireland, many a shipload of hopeful Scottish Protestants sailed after 1725 for the Great Opportunity which beconed from Philadelphia. ... The Scottish emigrants were offspring of lowland Presbyterians who had moved out of their ancient homeland after 1607, in response to English inducement to colonize Ireland and grab up cheap farmlands. For nearly a hundred years before 1700, Scotsman had emigrated their counry to Ireland, building up profitable linen and wolen manufactures there. Then in 1698, English wool producers persuaded Parliament to suppress the exprtation of Irish woolens. The subserviant Irish Parlaiment agreed, and Scotch-Irish wool growers were forbiden to sell their product to any buyers except the English. Besides this, Church of England bishops who sat in the Irish Parliament persueded the government in 1692 to require all Irish officeholders topartake of the Lord's Supper three times a year in the Established Church. Penalties were imposed on any Scottish Presbyterian minister who preached against the rule by bishops. Outvoted by Irish landholders, who generally upheld the Church of England, the Ulster Scots (Northern Ireland today) were persecuted in both politics and business. ... Discouraged by the treatment they received from the English and Irish, the younger sons and daughters of transplanted Ulster Scots began to move in small numbers to America. The exodus began about 1718. Within three years (by 1721) a bishop of the Church of England said above" 4200 men, women and children have been shipped off from hence to the West Indies". Parker Rouse on page 30 reports that many of the 200,000 Presbyterians in the Synod of Ulster were on their way to America in the 1720s. They left from Belfast and Londonderry (Derry). Famine struck Ulster in 1740, which increased the exodus from Northern Ireland to 12,000 yearly. Rouse says on page 32, Becaue of Pennsylvania's reputation for religious toleration, most of the Ulster Scots made their way to ports along the Deleware River. Besides Philadelphia, these were principally Lews and Newcastle, which stood on the western bank of the Deleware in the southern part of Pennsylvania, which later became Deleware." During the 1720s and 1730s as many as 200,000 Scotch-Irish - a third of all the Scotsman then in Ireland - came to the American colonies.

James G. Leyburn in his book, "The Scotch Irish - A Social History", on pages 169-173 describes five major waves of emigration. The introductory paragraph on page 169 says: "Once the way to America had been shown by the pioneers of 1717-1718, going to America became easier for emigrants. At times the zeal for migration became almost a mania, in the unaccountable manner of fads. the movement resembled an undulant fever, reaching it's climax in those years when economic conditions pressed hardest in Ulster. There were five great waves of emigration, with a lesser flow in intervening years. An analysis of the tides of 1717-18, 1725-29, 1740-41, 1754-55, and 1771-75 provides, in effect, a chart of the economic health of Northern Ireland." Leyburn says on page 176 that "more that 100,000 Scotch-Irish came to America as indentured servants." On page 177 Leyburn says: "In addition to his food, clothing, and shelter for the period of indenture, the servant was generally to receive a specific set of tools, a sum of money, and possibly even cattle and weapons at the expiration of his term. Then he was entirely free to make his way in the world."

Walter Edgar in his boook, "South Carolina a History" on pages 56-60 contains an excellent record of emigration of Scots and Scots-Irish into South Carolina. Edgar provides insights to events in Great Britian that motivated the Scots-Irish to leave their British homes and move to the American Colonies. Like Rouse, Edgar says the Scots-Irish emigrated into the colonies through Pennslyvania.Edgar says, "They (Scots-Irish) settled on the Pennsylvania frontier, where they came into conflict with bothe the Indians and the Quaker government in Philadelphia. As fas as the government of Pennsylvania was concerned, the Indians were not a problem, but the Scotch-Irish were. Unhappy with the conditions in Pennsylvania, Scotch-Irish families began to trek southward to the Carolinas." Edgar says they settled along a band from today's Lancaster County to Abbeville County on the Savannah River. The Scotch-Irish were not wealthy people and often made bargains to pay for the trans-Atlantic ocean trip once in America. Edgar says, "Unscrupulous merchants and ship captains transported as many as they could under inhumane conditions that Henry Laurens compared to the better-known trafficking in human beings: "I have been largely concerned in the African trade ... yet I never saw an instance of cruelty in ten or twelve years experience in that branch equal to the cruelty exercised on those poor Irish."

The "Chesterfield District Chronicle" Volume XI, No. 3 - Summer - 2008 published by the S.C.G.X. Chesterfied District Chapter, page 48 contains an excellent overview of Chesterfield history. The article "Ask Chester Fields" says "the colony of South Carolina was divided into four districts or counties. Carteret (later changed to Granville), Colleton, Berkeley and Craven. Craven covered the upper half of the colony, and for research purposes, is the one in which we are interested. Craven was later divided into several counties. The two divisions we are interested in are Camden District and Cheraws District, Long Bluff. This division occurred in 1769. In 1785, the Cheraws District was divided into three counties: Chesterfield, Darlington and Marlboro. In 1800, the state constitution changed back to counties. The Pee Dee region was not settled by Europeans until about 1730. I summarize the above by the following:

Colony of South Carolina originally made up of four districts:

  1. Caberet --> Granville District
  2. Colleton District
  3. Berkeley District
  4. Craven District - Divided in 1769 into:
  1. Chesterfield County
  2. Darlington County
  3. Marlboro County

Before 1830 records were kept in Camden, the oldest inland city in South Carolina. Next, records were kept in Darlington when it's courthouse was built. Finally, records were kept in Chesterfield when it's courthouse was built in 1830.

John M. Gregg in his book, "Early Pee Dee Settlers" in the introduction page XVI records: "The first settlements were mainly around Winyah Bay and gradually spread along the Black, Pee Dee, Sampit, and Waccamaw Rivers until the 1730s, at which time the settlers by-passed most of the region near the coast in favor of the higher ground farther inland." The earliest Pee Dee settlers were French Huguenots who spilled over he Santee River. Gregg says, "the number of settlers greatly increased as a result of several factors. The colonal legislature, fearful of an uprising by the ever increasing population of slaves, passed the Township Act which provided for land and supplies to Protestant settlers. Townships were laid out as a buffer to the Indians which were an occassional problem in the western part of the state. Several bounties were offered during the years following, including payment of passage and additional land grants. Free land and other social factors soon prompted a brisk migration. The events that caused the first influxinto the Pee Dee were the requirement in Ireland that everybody pay tithes to the Church of England, a large increase in land rents, the sacramental test for qualification of office holders, and general economic conditions in Ireland. These led to a large number of immigrants the North of Ireland that slowed only with the restrictions imposed by England a short time before the out break of the rebellion (1776). These are often referred to as Irish in colonial records, but being mainly of Scots descent; they are generally referred to as Scotch-Irish. in 1732, Williamsburg township was established on the upper reaches of Black River for these immigrants. It is interesting to note that the Black and Santee are only ten to fifteen miles apart in the area designated for the settlement of these immigrants from Ireland. The Huguenots were already settled on the south side of the Santee, I am sure that this proimity contributed greatly to the intermarrying and worshipping together. About 1735, a large tract, (173,840 acres, later extended to run eight miles on side and parallel to the Pee Dee River, northward to the Rocky River) kown as the "Welch tract" was set aside for a party of Welch (Welsh) settlers who had settled first in Pennsylvania. Finding the religious atmosphere not to their linking, the leaders secured grants in this tract and the group mooved to the Pee Dee. Four townships were designated in the Pee Dee to encourage settlement. The Welch tract as stated above, Williamsburg on the Black River to accomodate the Scotch-Irish, Queensborough below the Welch tract, also to accomodate Scotch-Irish and Kingston on the Waccamaw River (present town of Conway) was to accomodate English settlers. Queensborough languished and Kingston did not do much better, but the other two flourished. On October 27, 1732, the ship HAPPY RETURN disembarked 85 passengers from Belfast, Ireland. These were the first of many to follow who paid their own passage to take up land in the township of Williamsburg. The Pee Dee is the area in which that super-patriot Francis Marion operated. Marion kept the British at bay with a handful of British men augmented by the descendants of the original Welsh."

So to summarize, the Scotch-Irish entered the United States predominately through Philadelphia, Chester and New Castle, Pennsylvania in five major waves between 1717 and 1775. Each wave took the Scotch-Irish further away from Pennsylvania down the Great Wagon Road through the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia down through North Carolina and eventually into the up country of South Carolina.Leyburn says on page 186 that the first effective (Scotch-Irish) settlement in South Carolina was in 1760. In the 1750s the Scotch-Irish settled along a line from modern day Aiken, SC northeastward through Columbia, SC on to Fayetteville, NC to Wilson, NC. In the 1776-1780 periods there were about 60,000 people in the North Carolina back-country and 83,000 in the South Carolina back-country. So, most of the Caucasian people arriving in the present day Chesterfield County area in the 1750s & 1760s came to the area via the Great Wagon Road originating in Pennsylvania. A very small percentage immigrants came to the Chesterfield area from the coastal area of South Carolina.

John M. Gregg provides a list of early Pee Dee settlers. Pages 549-552 list 15 White families including the spouses and children, the date they came to the Pee Dee, where they located, the source for the information, and short notes with items of interest on the family. Of the 15 White families, two settled in St. David's Parrish, which is close to where Black Creek enters the Pee Dee River, below the Welch Neck and present day Society Hill. The information on those two White families follows:

Page 550 of "Early Pee Dee Settlers" by John M. Gregg:

White, John ID: 5641

Date in Pee Dee: 1759

Location: St. David's Parish

Source(S): Muster Roll

Notes: Served in French and Indian War as private with Lide's Company

 

Page 552 of "Early Pee Dee Settlers" by John M. Gregg:

White, William ID:1969

Date in Pee Dee: 1759 Last Date 1772

Location: St. David's Parish

Source(s): Gregg, JVSDP

Notes: Clerk of Hitchcock's Company during French and Indian War

 

Documenting two White families is very interesting. Our Chesterfield White oral historians have consistantly said there were two separate White families in Chesterfield County. I've documented one White family having Hosea White as a patriarch. The other White family has Thrashley White as it's patriarch. Could Hosea's and Thrashley's ancestors been descendants of John White or William White?

To date there is no genealogically verified documentation on Thrashey White's lineage, whether Scots-Irish or not, neither of his mother, father, brothers, sisters, or grandparents.

Sharon F Corey in the late 1990s prepared a genealogy summary titled "Descendants of Thrashley White and Eliza Ann Jones White". On page 9 Sharon provides the following notes on Thrashley White: "On Saturday, March 28, 1992 at Page Park in Chesterfield, S.C., Jackie Hammond told some oral family history given by Ella Jane White, sister of Thurman E. White, about two or three years before her death. Jack, Faye and Jackie Hammond took Aunt Ella to visit the Short Family Cemetery after a White Reunion. Aunt Ella, who was already getting on in her years, told them that the story handed down to her was that Thrashley had changed his name from Parsons to White and that he came here during "The Great Potato Famine." Regarding the great potato famine I suspect Aunt Ella was repeating oral family history of the economic struggles and famine our ancestors suffered in Northern Ireland in the 1750s and 1760s.

There are numerous oral theories and speculations on Thrashley White's ancestry. Sharon Freeman Corey best summarized all the abundant theories in an email she wrote to Paula Schenebeck on January 21, 2006 titled "Re:Spring 1998 Issue of Newsletter". An excerpt is printed below:

"Other WHITE family researchers before me traced our line back to Thrashley (could also be spelle Threshley) WHITE and there is where it stops. We cannot seem to get past him. We have many oral family stories for possible reasons why...

  1. He changed his name from PARSONS to WHITE (I did find his name gven as Thrashley Parsons White on my great-grandfather's (Henry Wylie White) Death Certificate with my great-grandfather being listed as the Informant on his own Death Certificate and therefore probably fairly accurate.);
  2. He got into some trouble in either Lancaster or Kerhaw County, so he moved to Chesterfield County and changed his name; (note: Lancaster and Kershaw fit with the Scots-Irish migration route into South Carolina)
  3. One of daughters first married her first cousin, Simp or Simpson WHITE: (sentence not complete)
  4. His mother's maiden name was LEMON and she had him out of wedlock (he was living with an elderly couple by the name of LEMON in Chesterfield County 1850 Census).

 

What we can document:

 

1837:

We do have some documentation that Thrashey White was in the Chesterfield District in 1837. James C. Pigg's booklet "Miscellaneous abstracts from Pre-Civil War Cheraw, South Carolina Newspapers" available through the Old Darlington District Chapter SC Genealogical Society, on page 24 records the following Sheriff's Sale:

SHERIRR"S SALES

By order of the Court of Ordinary of Chesterfield District will be sold at Chesterfield Court House, on the first Moday in November next, one tract of land near "Wright's Folly" on Big Westfield's Creek, (belonging to the estate of Wm. Hinson dec'd) containing 202 acres more or less, adjooining land belonging to John Clarke, Jas. Everett, Thrashley White and Wm. Pegues. Continues - A credit until the first day of January 1839; the purchaser to give Bond or Note and good security with interest from the day of sale, and Mortgage on the premises to the Ordinary if necessary to secure the purchase money. Purchasers will pay for Sheriff's Titles.

Alfred M. Lowery, Sheriff, C.D.

November 1, 1837

 

1844:

Mr. Pigg on page 60 of the referenced book above contains a filing in the common pleas in Chesterfield against Thrashley White. The date of this legal notice is 1844 and is reproduced below:

"IN THE COMMON PLEAS CHESTERFIELD DISTRICT

David S. Harlee ads. Thrashley White Ca. Sa. For Costs

THRASHLEY WHITE the defendant, being confined within the Prison Bounds of Chesterfield District, on a Writ of Capius ad Satisfaciendum, at the suit of David S. Harlee: and the said defendant having filed his petition in my office praying for the benefit of the Act of General Assembly for the relief of Insolvent Debtors together with a Schedule of his Estate and effects; Notice is hereby given to the Creditors of the said Defendant, and especially to David S. Harlee, to appear at the Court of Common Pleas to be holden at Chesterfield Court House on the first Monday (being the 3rd day) of March next, to show cause, if any they can, why the estate and effects of the said White should not be assigned, and be held discharged according to the provisions of the said Act.

JNO. C. EVANS, C.C.P.

Clerk's Office Chesterfield

}

C.H. August 6 }

September 4, 1844"

 

Note that David S. Harlee was the Commissioner of Equity for Chesterfield and Marlboro Districts in 1842 (see page 54 of Pigg's booklet). The "Act of the General Assembly" was designed to relieve insolvent debtors. We conclude that Thrasley White had most likely been unable to pay his debts including taxes and had this legal action taken against him in 1844.

So thus far, here is what we do know about Thrashley White:

  1. Thrashley White was in the Westfield Creek area of Chesterfield County in 1837.
  2. Thrashley White had financial problems leading to insolvency in 1844.

 

Next, let's look at U.S. Census records.

 

U.S. Census Records

 

The 1850 Census was taken in 1851 and shows a Thrashley White living with James Lemons, 65 year old male and Jane Lemons, 70 year old female. There was a verbal report (yet to be documented) that Thrahsley White's mother was Christine Lemon. Henry Wiley White's death certificate shows his father's name as T. Parsons White. This is the only written reference (versus oral refereences) found to date showing "Parsons" as part of Thrashley White's name. There is a James Parsons on page 181 line 8 dwelling 1257 in the in the 1850 Census for Chesterfield District, age 80, living by himself, a male farmer with real estate valued at $100, who was born in SC.

The name "Parsons" appears two times under independent situations. The first is on Henry Wiley White's death certificate, and the second is by word of mouth from Ella Jane White. There is a James Parsons in the 1850 Census, page 181, line 8, dwelling number 1257, who was an 80 year old farmer with real estate valued at $100 and he was born in SC.

The "Cheraw/Chesterfield District Wills, 1750-1865 & Abstracts from the Court of Common Pleas 1823-1869" published by James C. Pigg, in 2000, on page 115, line 6 records the "Bill for Account" for William H. Ratliff vs. Mary Parsons. This statement lists the following: "Abington Parsons departed this life on or about 13th day of April 1826. Heirs: Widow, Mary Parsons: children: Ann Parsons, born July 27, 1818 intermarried with Richmond White: Timney Parsons, born September 2, 1819 intermarried with Noah Sellers: Raymond Parsons, born December 5, 1820: Elizabeth Parsons, born March 9, 1822 intermarried with William Sellers: Thomas Parsons, born May 10, 1823: Mary M. Parsons, born April 10, 1825." The question is if Thrashley White and Richmond White were related. Thrashley was born in 1805 per the 1850 US Census, about the same time Richmond was born based on his wife's age.

To continue the 1850 Census for Chesterfield District of South Carolina, page 180 shows Throshley (Thrashley) White, a 45 year old male farmer with real estate valued at $500. The Census lists Thrashey's place of birth as South Carolina. A 65 year old male, James Lemons and a 70 year old female Jane Lemons were living in the same dwelling as Thrashey.

Page 179 and 180 of the Chesterfield District, South Carolina District census dated January 13, 1851 is almost a complete page of Whites. I've listed these families below for future reference. Are these White families related? The first munber below is the census dwelling number.

 

Page 179

126: Mathew White, 64, Male born in NC, occupation not given, could not read or write.

Jane White, 64, female, born in SC, could not read or write.

Rachel White, 27, female, born in SC.

Joseph White, 25, born in SC.

Mathew White, 18, male, born in SC.

Majora White, 17, born in SC.

Susan White, 16, female, born in SC.

Eli Whittenton, 9, male, born in SC. (Question: why is Eli's last name "Whittenton" and not "White"?)

 

Page 180

1247: James White, a 62 year old shoemaker living alone.

1248: Samuel P. White, a 27 year old male farmer whose real estate was valued at $300.

Elizabeth White, a 27 year old female and another female Elizabeth age 21 were living with Samuel. Elizabeth 21 could not read or write.

1249: John L. White, a 33 year old male farmer whose real estate value was valued at $550 had living with him Catharine White, a 32 year old female, David F. White, an 8 year old male, Mary (?) White, a 6 year old female, Samuel W. White, a 4 year old male, and Rachel A. White, a 1 year old female.

1251: Richard White, a 35 year old farmer who had the following living in the same dwelling: Ann White, a 35 year old female, William White, a 13 year old male, James White, a 11 year old male, Mary White, a 10 year old female, Andrew White, a 3 year old male, and Alvin White, a six month old male.

1252: Thrashley White was a 45 year old farmer whose real estate was valued at $500. Living in the same dwelling was James Lemons, a 65 year old male, and Jane Lemons, a 70 year old female. None of these three could read or write.

1253: William White (*Len or Sen ? handwriting) a 64 year old male farmer whose real estate was valued at $100. Living in the same dwelling was Elizabeth White age 63 female, Mary White a 25 year old female, Elizabeth White a 23 year old female, Jerusha (?) White a 22 year old female, and James White a 24 year old farmer. All of these except James could not read or write.

 

1860 Census:

Roll 653_1217, page 117, year 1860,

Dwelling in order: no. 326

Family in order: no. 325

Thrarley (note incorrect spelling of Thrashley) White, age 56, male, farmer, real estate value $350, personal property value $260, place of birth SC, could not read or write.

Eliza A, age 35, female

Heywood, age 8, male

Sarah J., age 5, female

Irvin, age 3, male

Henry, age 8 months, male

Jane Lemon, 80, female

I am especially intrigued by Jane Lemon, 80, living with Thrashey and Eliza Ann White. Who was she? She was living with Thrashley in 1850 also, along with James Lemons. The census says Thrashley was born in SC.

 

1870 Census:

Could find no reference to Thrashley White or Eliza White or their children. A question ... why? This was the first US Census following the Civil War. We know the South was devastated, especially Chesterfield County, by General Sherman in 1865.

 

1880 Census:

The 1880 census was taken in June 1880 for Chesterfield County, South Carolina. Thrashley White died in April, so he is not in the 1880 census. I did find J.H. White and his wife Sarah Short living inthe same dwelling as J.E. White and his wife Ellen Short. J.H. (James Haywood) and J.E. (John Ervin) are shown as farmers. James Haywood White has two daughters living with him and Sarah, Mary E 3 years old and Mahaley age 1.The remaining children were not in the Chesterfield census area, or were not included in the census.

 

Short Family Cemetery:

Thrashley White and Eliza Ann Jones White are buried in the Short Family Cemetery located near Westfield Creek Baptist Church in Chesterfield County. Westfield Creek Baptist Church is located on Deerfield Road just off Zoar Road in Chesterfield County. The tombstone is large, elaborate, and the largest in the Short Family Cemetery.It is in the form of an arc with one base near Thrashley's grave and the other arc near Eliza Ann's grave. The epitaph for Thrashley reads, "We''ll join thee in that heavenly land, no more to take the parting hand". Thrashley's and Eliza Ann's unnamed infant daughter rests nearby and is marked with a smaller tombstone. There is evidence Thrashley's and Eliza Ann's tombstone was repaired in the past. Leon Fay Hammond, Sr. recalls his Aunt Ella White saying that Henry Wylie White and Ellison Thrashley White repaired the tombstone using cement grout.

 

So:

  1. Thrashley White was in the Westfield Creek area of Chesterfield County in 1837.
  2. Thrashley White had financial problems leading to insolvency in 1844.
  3. The 1850 census shows James and Jane Lemons living with Thrashley White. Verbal history says Thrashley's mother was Chrsitine Lemon. The census indicates that Thrashley was in the United States (Chesterfield County), and he was then 45 years old, and inicates he was born in SC. This makes Thrashley's birth year 1805.
  4. Thrashley and Eliza Ann Jones White had their first child, J, Heywood White in 1852. Thrashley and Eliza Ann were married sometime between January 1851, the date of the 1850 census and December 1851 based on the date James Heywood White was born. Eliza Ann was 25 when J. Heywood was born. Sharon Freeman Corey's White genealogy shows that Eliza Ann was born to Wiley T. and Sarah Jane Jones on December 4, 1827, which indicates Eliza Ann was born in the U.S. (Jefferson, SC)
  5. Thrashley White's tombstone in the Short Family Cemetery shows Thrashley's birthdate as October 25, 1805.

 

Question: Eliza Ann Jones White's obituary says Eliza Ann "lived 30 years longer, save one day, than that of her husband". This would make Thrashley's death date April 7, 1882. The month and the day are very close to the April 8th on the tombstone, but the year is two years off compared to Thrashley's tombstone. The construction of the tombstone for Thrashley White and Eliza Ann Jones White is very unique as described above. The lettering font is the same for both epitaphs which may mean the current marker was put in place when Eliza Ann died. If that is the case I wonder why the obituary and the marker show two different years for Thrashley's death, 1880 and 1882. We may never know. We do know that Thrashley is not found in the 1880 Census.

 

Below is a list of those with markers in the Short Cemetery:

SHORT CEMETERY Chesterfield, SC

Rosa Lee TEAL B. 16 July 1920 D. 1 MAy 1922

Aubrey F. TEAL B. 24 Feb. 1917 D. 28 Jan. 1922

Dau. of L.W. & R.E. TEAL 20 May 1921

Anna SHORT Dau. of Henrietta PARKER & John C. SHORT 1884-1902

John C. SHORT B. 22 May1854 D. 25 Mar 1919

Henrietta SHORT B. 12 June 1860 D. 17 July 1920

A. Ellen Wife of J.E. White B. 15 Nov 1850 D. 7 Mar. 1912

Mary SHORT B. 6 Nov. 1848 D. 8 Oct. 1906

Dau of Daniel & M.E. TEAL 9 Aug. 1914

M.E. Wife of Daneil TEAL B. 27 Apr. 1876 D. 26 Oct. 1914

Elizabeth S. TEAL B. 15 Oct. 1840 D. 24 Jun. 1924

William TEAL Co. I, 1st NC Jr. Res. CSA

Mary E. LOWERY B. 19 Apr. 1876 D. 8 Jun. 1909

Dau of W.F. & A.E. WHITE 16 Nov. 1887

Thrashley WHITE B. 25 Oct. 1805 D. 8 Apr 1880

Eliza Ann WHITE B. 4 Dec. 1827 D. 6 Apr. 1912

There are apparently additional graves that are marked with stones.

 

Civil Wr note:

Thrashley White was 56 when the Civil War started, so he was too old to serve. Since he was not in the Confederate Army there are no Civil War records on him in the SC Archives.

In conclusion as of early 2009 no researchers have been able to trace Thrashley White ancestors.

 

John E. Ussery, Jr. Genealogy of Thrashley White:

Another history of Thrashley White's family has been presented by John E. Ussery, Jr. I have not included his work in this genealogy because I cannot verify the source data. Mr. Ussery's facts align fairly well with the data in Sharon Corey's genealogy and my genealogy of Thrashley White, which add some credibility to his work.

Speaking for all of Thrashley White's descendants, we respectfully request anyone reading this genealogy and having more information on Thrashley White to contact me. I can be emailed at hammonlf@cfw.com or hammonlf@gmail.com.

Warmest regards,

Bud